Simple paragraphs

Paragraphs are separated by a blank line.

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This is a paragraph.

This is another paragraph
Browser

This is a paragraph.

This is another paragraph

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<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<p>This is another paragraph</p>

You can explicitly identify a paragraph with p. (p-period-space) before the paragraph.

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p. This is one paragraph.

p. This is another.
Browser

This is one paragraph.

This is another.

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<p>This is one paragraph.</p>
<p>This is another.</p>

Line breaks

Lines that don’t have a blank line in between are part of the same paragraph.

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Roses are red,
Violets are blue,
I'd like a sandwich;
Perhaps even two.
Browser

Roses are red,
Violets are blue,
I’d like a sandwich;
Perhaps even two.

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<p>Roses are red,<br />
Violets are blue,<br />
I&#8217;d like a sandwich;<br />
Perhaps even two.</p>

Line breaks in preformatted sections don’t become HTML breaks.

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<pre>
Mirror mirror
on the wall...
</pre>
Browser
Mirror mirror
on the wall...
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<pre>
Mirror mirror
on the wall...
</pre>

Typographer's quotes

Straight quotation marks are converted into typographer’s quotes, which are easier on the eyes.

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"I said, 'hold the mayo' twice!"
Browser

“I said, ‘hold the mayo’ twice!”

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<p>&#8220;I said, &#8216;hold the mayo&#8217; twice!&#8221;</p>

Apostrophes are also made curly.

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We went to Steven's mother's house for a party.
Browser

We went to Steven’s mother’s house for a party.

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<p>We went to Steven&#8217;s mother&#8217;s house for a party.</p>

Dashes

Single hyphens between words become en dashes; double hyphens become em dashes. Hyphenated words are left alone.

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I could be happy--fantastically happy--on twenty-one thousand a year if I only had to work 9 am - 1 pm.
Browser

I could be happy—fantastically happy—on twenty-one thousand a year if I only had to work 9 am – 1 pm.

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<p>I could be happy&#8212;fantastically happy&#8212;on twenty-one thousand a year if I only had to work 9 am &#8211; 1 pm.</p>

A dash, when it appears between words, must be surrounded by spaces.

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June - July 1967
Browser

June – July 1967

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<p>June &#8211; July 1967</p>

Em dashes may be set open or closed.

According to most American sources (e.g., The Chicago Manual of Style) and to some British sources (e.g., The Oxford Guide to Style), an em dash should always be set closed (not surrounded by spaces). But the practice in many parts of the English-speaking world, also the style recommended by The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage, sets it open (separates it from its surrounding words by using spaces) when it is being used parenthetically.

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Please use the em dash closed--or open if you must -- but I prefer it closed.
Browser

Please use the em dash closed—or open if you must — but I prefer it closed.

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<p>Please use the em dash closed&#8212;or open if you must &#8212; but I prefer it closed.</p>

Ellipses

Three periods become the ellipsis character.

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He thought and thought ... and then thought some more.
Browser

He thought and thought … and then thought some more.

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<p>He thought and thought &#8230; and then thought some more.</p>

Consult your style manual for proper use of ellipses in conjunction with spaces and other punctuation.

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"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth...a new nation...dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal...."
Browser

“Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth…a new nation…dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal….”

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<p>&#8220;Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth&#8230;a new nation&#8230;dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal&#8230;.&#8221;</p>

Dimension sign

The lowercase letter x between numbers becomes a dimension sign.

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4 x 4 = 16
Browser

4 × 4 = 16

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<p>4 &#215; 4 = 16</p>

In RedCloth, quotes may be applied to the dimensions to represent feet and inches.

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My office measures 5' x 5'6".
Browser

My office measures 5′ × 5′6".

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<p>My office measures 5&#8242; &#215; 5&#8242;6&quot;.</p>

Spaces between the numbers and the x are optional.

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4x4=16
Browser

4×4=16

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<p>4&#215;4=16</p>

Acronyms

You can provide the definition for acronyms inside parentheses.

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The EPA(Environmental Protection Agency) is measuring GHG(greenhouse gas) emissions.
Browser

The EPA is measuring GHG emissions.

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<p>The <acronym title="Environmental Protection Agency"><span class="caps">EPA</span></acronym> is measuring <acronym title="greenhouse gas"><span class="caps">GHG</span></acronym> emissions.</p>

Uppercase

Uppercase words are enclosed in a span element that can be styled to your liking. Administrators can disable this feature with :no_span_caps.

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Many NASDAQ companies are ISO certified.
Browser

Many NASDAQ companies are ISO certified.

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<p>Many <span class="caps">NASDAQ</span> companies are <span class="caps">ISO</span> certified.</p>